Gray SW, Ottesen RA, Currey M, Cristea M, Nikowitz J, Shehayeb S, Lozano V, Hom J, Kilburn J, Lopez LN, Wing S, Sosa E, Shen J, Morris M, Dilsizian B, Joseph T, Shen J, Adeimy C, Phillips T, Bahadini B, Niland JC
Although BRCA1/2 testing in ovarian cancer improves outcomes, it is vastly underutilized. Scalable approaches are urgently needed to improve genomically guided care.
We developed a Natural Language Processing (NLP) pipeline to extract electronic medical record information to identify recipients of BRCA testing. We applied the NLP pipeline to assess testing status in 308 patients with ovarian cancer receiving care at a National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Center (main campus [MC] and five affiliated clinical network sites [CNS]) from 2017 to 2019. We compared characteristics between (1) patients who had/had not received testing and (2) testing utilization by site.
We found high uptake of BRCA testing (approximately 78%) from 2017 to 2019 with no significant differences between the MC and CNS. We observed an increase in testing over time (67%-85%), higher uptake of testing among younger patients (mean age tested = 61 years v untested = 65 years, P = .01), and higher testing among Hispanic (84%) compared with White, Non-Hispanic (78%), and Asian (75%) patients (P = .006). Documentation of referral for an internal genetics consultation for BRCA pathogenic variant carriers was higher at the MC compared with the CNS (94% v 31%).
We were able to successfully use a novel NLP pipeline to assess use of BRCA testing among patients with ovarian cancer. Despite relatively high levels of BRCA testing at our institution, 22% of patients had no documentation of genetic testing and documentation of referral to genetics among BRCA carriers in the CNS was low. Given success of the NLP pipeline, such an informatics-based approach holds promise as a scalable solution to identify gaps in genetic testing to ensure optimal treatment interventions in a timely manner.