Precision medicine focuses on disease treatment and prevention, at the clinical level (in healthcare organisations), and within drug discovery and development (in pharma companies). Treatments are developed and delivered, taking into account the variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle between individual patients.
Within the clinical arena, in order to understand the best treatment pathway for a particular patient or group of patients, it is important to be able to access and analyze detailed information from the medical records of patients, and ideally broader aspects beyond their medical history.
A great example of precision medicine within the clinical arena was presented at the Linguamatics seminar in Chicago in March 2019. At the University of Iowa, scientists at the Stead Family Children’s Hospital are working on a precision medicine research project. Alyssa Hahn (Graduate Student, Genetics) described how they are using Linguamatics Natural Language Processing (NLP) to extract phenotype details from electronic medical records of patients with suspected genetic disorders.